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Add book Sign In. Sign in. Remember Me. New here? Join Us. It's All About the Bike Authors: Robert Penn. Genres: Fiction. Read ebook. Rating: 7. Your rating:. Maybe not as much as jumping on a bicycle witha seat missing, but it hurts.
Their order of importance depends largely on how dedicated a cyclist you are. Nothing kills the joy of a bicycle ride like saddle-sore. A universal truth of bicycling is this — pain is inevitable, suffering is optional. Pro cyclists hurt badly too. At the heart of it all was the bicycle. In , there were an estimated , cyclists in the USA: a bicycle cost roughly half the annual salary of a factory worker. It was the first modern bicycle, and the culmination of a long and elusive quest for a human-powered vehicle.
When the pneumatic tyre was added three years later, making the machine comfortable, the first golden age of the bicycle began. Bicycle manufacturing emerged from its roots as a cottage industry to become big, big business. Bicycles were mass-produced on assembly lines for the first time; the design process was separated from production; specialized factories supplied standardized components. One-third of all patents registered at the US Patent Office in the s were bicycle-related.
In fact, the bicycle had its own dedicated patent building in Washington, DC. At the Stanley bicycle show in London, the annual industry event, firms displayed 3, models. The Cycle magazine reported , bicycles manufactured in Britain that year. Many locksmiths, gunsmiths and anyone with metallurgy skills abandoned their trades and went to work in bicycle factories. In , the peak year for production, firms in the USA made 1.
The biggest firm, Columbia, with 2, employees at the Hartford works in Connecticut, boasted of making a bicycle a minute. For the first time in history, the working class became mobile. As they could now commute, crowded tenements emptied, suburbs expanded and the geography of cities changed. In the countryside, the bicycle helped to widen the gene pool: birth records in Britain from the s show how surnames began to appear far away from the rural locality with which they had been strongly associated for centuries.
Everywhere, the bicycle was a catalyst for campaigns to improve roads, literally paving the way for the motor car. The health benefits of the bicycle met with an appetite for self-improvement that characterized the age: the same workers who pedalled to the factories and the pits founded gymnastic clubs and choirs, libraries and literary societies.
At the weekends, they cycled together in clubs. Amateur and professional racing exploded. Cycle racing at tracks or velodromes became the number one American spectator sport. Arthur A. In Europe, road racing became hugely popular. The Tour de France was inaugurated in Through transportation and communication, Americans came to associate speed with the unification of their vast country. On a bicycle, they could actualize it. By the end of , track racers surpassed 35 mph. The bicycle eclipsed the trotting horse to become the fastest thing on the road.
Technological innovation made the bicycle ever lighter and faster as the decade progressed. A typical bicycle was fixed-wheel no gears or freewheel , with a steel frame, slightly dropped bars, a leather saddle and usually no brakes you braked by back-pedalling. Roadsters commonly weighed around 33 lb; racers were under 22 lb — pretty much the weight of the finest road-racing bicycles today.
On 30 June , Charles Murphy became the most famous cyclist in America when he rode a mile in The safety introduced whole new groups to two wheels: the old and young juvenile models were marketed from the early s , the short and the unfit, men and women. For the first time, anyone could ride a bike. Mass production and the burgeoning second-hand market meant that the majority of people could afford one.
There was a democracy to the bicycle that society was powerless to resist. Wells satirizes the British class structure and shows how the bicycle was eroding it. On the road, Hoopdriver and the lady are equals. The novelist John Galsworthy wrote: The bicycle. Under its influence, wholly or in part, have blossomed weekends, strong nerves, strong legs, strong language. The bicycle coincided with, rather than instigated, the feminist movement. Bicycle manufacturers, of course, wanted women to ride.
The safety bicycle changed everything, though. Cycling became the first popular athletic pursuit for women. It was a turning point in the acceptance of practical clothes for women, most of whom still cycled in voluminous skirts, corsets, petticoats, long-sleeved shirts and jackets with tight neckbands. In June Annie Londonderry set off from Boston with some spare clothes and a pearl-handled revolver, to cycle round the world.
Anthony said. As the leading suffragette of her day, and the woman who gained fame when she was arrested for voting in the presidential election, she knew. I think it has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world. It gives a woman a feeling of freedom and self-reliance. By the time Butch and Sundance were bound for South America, the bicycle had won broad social acceptance and struck deep into the nexus of society.
In a decade, cycling had evolved from a faddish leisure pursuit, exclusive to a tiny minority of wealthy athletic males, to become the most popular form of transport on the planet. It still is today. Our ancestors thought it one of their greatest achievements. This idea is now coming back into fashion. The cultural status of the bicycle is rising again. The machine is becoming more embedded in Western society, through urban infrastructure design, transport policy, environmental concerns, the profile of cycle sport and leisure practices.
In fact, there is a whisper that we might today be at the dawn of a new golden age of the bicycle. The bicycle can be ridden, on a reasonable surface, at four or five times the pace of walking, with the same amount of effort — making it the most efficient, self-powered means of transportation ever invented. Fortunately learning to ride a bicycle is easy so easy, in fact, that many of our primate cousins have got the hang of it too. And, once learnt, riding a bicycle is something we never forget.
The first bike I can remember was a purple Raleigh Tomahawk, the diminutive version of the Chopper.
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